Bamyan in afghanistan predating european oil painting by some six
Many statues of Buddha are carved into the sides of cliffs facing Bamyan city.
In 2008, Bamyan was found to be the home of some of the world's oldest oil paintings.
It is believed that the upper parts of their faces were made from great wooden masks or casts.
Rows of holes that can be seen in photographs were spaces that held wooden pegs that stabilized the outer stucco.
Built in 507 AD (smaller) and 554 AD (larger), The main bodies were hewn directly from the sandstone cliffs, but details were modeled in mud mixed with straw, coated with stucco.
Bamiyan lies on the Silk Road, which runs through the Hindu Kush mountain region, in the Bamiyan Valley.The town is the cultural center of the Hazara ethnic group of Afghanistan. The valley is cradled between the parallel mountain ranges of the Hindu Kush and the Koh-i-Baba.The main bodies were hewn directly from the sandstone cliffs, but details were modeled in mud mixed with straw, coated with stucco.This coating, practically all of which wore away long ago, was painted to enhance the expressions of the faces, hands and folds of the robes; the larger one was painted carmine red and the smaller one was painted multiple colors.The lower parts of the statues' arms were constructed from the same mud-straw mix while supported on wooden armatures.